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Chess Forum - Milestones in chess

Player: England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator Subject: Milestones in chess


2014-04-05 06:33:18
I`ll be posting some history, some games,some oddities, in no historical order. Chunks of writing from the net as well. Feel free to add your own.
Ruy Lopez :

The opening is named after the 16th-century Spanish priest Ruy López de Segura, who made a systematic study of this and other openings in the 150-page book on chess Libro del Ajedrez written in 1561. Although it bears his name, this particular opening was included in the Göttingen manuscript, which dates from c. 1490. Popular use of the Ruy Lopez opening did not develop, however, until the mid-19th century when Carl Jaenisch, a Russian theoretician, \"rediscovered\" its potential. The opening remains the most commonly used amongst the open games in master play; it has been adopted by almost all players during their careers, many of whom have played it with both colours. Due to the difficulty for Black to achieve equality,[1] and the fact that Lopez was a priest during the Inquisition, a common nickname for the opening is \"The Spanish Torture\".
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1Canada  dsuttlesChessHere Moderator2014-04-05 18:13:29
Amber set in Kaliningrad Amber Museum, Russia.

https://flic.kr/p/5NqCRm

A reminder of when the royal game was royal.
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2England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-04-06 11:15:24
This is regarded as the oldest chess game recorded.
Francesco di Castellvi vs Narciso Vinyoles 1475

Dr E. Lasker writes :
The rules of that time seem to have deviated from todays in only three instances: 1. There was no castling, only the jump of the king. 2: He who lost the queen lost the game. 3. A pawn which entered the 8th file could only become a piece which had already been taken.)

3England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-04-11 12:39:26
The Giuoco Piano
Italian \" Quiet Game\"
The oldest recorded opening, early 16th century. Mainline continues 4.c3


4.d3 = G. Pianissimo ( very quiet )
Played in modern times by Karpov Kasparov,Carlsen

4.b4 the Evans Gambit

4.d4 The Italian Gambit

4Canada  dsuttlesChessHere Moderator2014-04-11 18:41:19
Chaturanga developed in the Gupta Empire, India around the 6th century AD. In the 7th century, it was adopted as shatranj in Sassanid Persia, which in turn was the form of chess brought to late-medieval Europe.

wikipedia

Here a nice fourteenth-century Persian illuminated manuscript describes the historical moment:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Persianmss14thCambassadorfromIndiabroughtchesstoPersianCourt.jpg
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5England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-04-23 05:37:41
As you stroll along the Avenue des Champs-Elysées in the Paris Springtime, swaggering along in your buckled shoes, stockinged calves, ruffs and a jauntily angled hat...also sporting a buckle, you tentatively thrust and tap your silver adorned cane, and your thoughts turn to a glass of congnac and a pinch or two of snuff. (sigh. ed.) What better watering hole than the Café de la Regal, the chess oasis of pre revolution France, and European stronghold of chess development thoughout the 18 & 19 centuries.
Here might see François-André Danican Philidor 1726–95,or Philidor as we know him of the `Philidor Defence`
He learned his chess here and in three years began to outplay his teacher Legall de Kermeur.
Other masters you may have seen here were :
Steinitz, Winawer, Rosenthal, Anderrsen, and Morphy, among others.
Philidor, of course visited abroad, but in 1792 had to leave France as the Revolutions `Convention nationale` had him on their banishment list. Stranded abroad he died and was buried in London.
It is considered that Philidor was the best play in the world for 50 years.

Philidors Defence


rnbqkbnr/ppp2ppp/3p4/4p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQKB1R w
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
ABCDEFGH



Seldom used now
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6England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-04-30 15:32:59
What is it that we like so much about Morphy?
Venerated by Fischer he remains arguably the oldest master to be held in the highest regard.
Enigmatic, mysterious, genius and master of the chessboard retired from the chess world in his mid 20`s. The `pride and sorrow` of chess. Paul Morphy 1837-84.
There is a simple answer. Romantic.
He was the last and greatest of the Romantic era players of chess.

Up until 1873 we are in the `Romantic Era` of all out attacking chess. In 1873 Steinitz introduced the `positional` style. The official `Romantic` era was over. Ungentlemanly and cowardly were the kneejerk reactions but I suppose it was inevitable.
So when we average players scratch our heads and look for attacking moves rather than the dark art of a positional move which makes sense later in the game, lets imagine we`re still in the romantic era.

One of the great games that never happened was Morphy v Steinitz

On the right is Morphy (white) in dazzling form as he takes the great Adolf Anderrsen.
1858 Kings gambit accepted.

7England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-04-30 15:36:08
*as he takes the great Adolf Anderrsen apart.-

8Canada  dsuttlesChessHere Moderator2014-04-30 19:38:36
Besides playing chess, what did Morphy, Fischer and Steinitz have in common? They died insane.-

9England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-05-01 07:26:08
Steinitz died penniless in a New York mental assylum, some say he had contacted syphilis which then was a cause of madness, although he had ongoing mental problems.
Morphy and Fischer did not die insane.
Morphy died in a cold water bathtub on a hot day, a heart attack. His private life is all speculation. Probably eccentric, which is his prerogative.
Fischer has been painted as insane but in reality he just developed radical views. Laws are passed to prevent anti-semitic and treasonable public outpourings. That was his undoing, going public with radical views. If he`d have kept them to himself..........
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10Canada  dsuttlesChessHere Moderator2014-05-07 18:07:45
The world\'s smallest chess set.

http://ostmetal.info/mikromir-vladimira-aniskina/
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11South  Kpax911ChessHere Moderator2014-05-09 12:01:54
I did not know that. Keep up the good work-

12England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-05-22 12:15:07
Before we climb out of the 19th century I suppose I`d better mention Howard Staunton 1810-74, he who put his name to the chess set pattern that is de rigeur for all competition matches to this day.
He was another player who was regarded as the best in the world ( 1843-51 ) before the coming of a recognised world championship which he helped instigate by organising the first international chess tournament in 1851 during the Great Exhibition in London.
I mentioned Morhpy visiting Paris to play chess in the last installment. This was all Stauntons doing. New Orleans chess club invited Staunton for a match in the USA to play the new national champion. Staunton declined as he was not in serious chess anymore having devoted himself to writing about Shakespear but offered a match here in the UK when Morphy visited for his European tour. After getting here he was stalled but later met with Staunton who did agree to play for a purse later in the year. Staunton wrote a piece in his publication under a pseudonym that Morphy didn`t have the stake to put up. Morphy actually didn`t and his relatives in the US told him not to play for money when he sent home. He was sent £500 ( £400,000 in todays money ) by the N. Orleans chess club. Staunton asked for time to take on some matches to get into preparation. Morphy took off to Paris. In the last of his warm up games Stauntons heart started playing up and subsequently the Morphy match was cancelled.
Morphy went into print with an article putting Staunton down saying the whole episode was not that to be expected of a gentleman.
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13England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-16 03:25:54
Ok the first of the Russian giants must be
Alexander Alekhine 1892-1946
Title winner 1927-35 1937-39
Died in mysterious cicumstances having agreed to cooperate with the Nazis during the war to protect his wife(a Jew), and his interests. His own Soviets are thought responsible.

\"Since we are, of course, the two best blindfold players in the world, I think it would be better if we had recourse to a chessboard and men.\" – Alexander Alekhine (to Reti when they disagreed during a blindfold analysis session)

\"Alekhine\'s attacks came suddenly, like destructive thunderstorms that erupted from a clear sky\". – Garry Kasparov

\"I can see the combinations as well as Alekhine, but I cannot get into the same positions.\" – Rudolf Spielmann

\"Alekhine is a player I\'ve never really understood; yet, strangely, if you\'ve seen one Alekhine game you\'ve seen them all. He always wanted a superior center; he maneuvered his pieces towards the King\'s-side, and around the twenty-fifth move began to mate his opponent.\" – Robert Fischer

He took the title from Capablanca.

Alexander Alekhine vs Emanuel Lasker 1934
(Baked Alasker )

14Russian  kai20112014-07-19 01:56:23
*6
Have You ever seen Rashid Nezhmetdinov games?
He was the courage romantic of XX century! And Mikhail Tal, of course! I played with Tal. I was close to the range of the master that time. He beat me in 18 moves as he donated so many pieces and pawns, Morphy never dreamed.
*13
Do You know about Petrov and Chigorin?
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15England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-20 03:15:00
Kai2011 Tal !

Petrov, Chigorin and of course Alapin.
Yes of course I`ve heard of them. My basic run through hasn`t thrown Petrov up but after a quick look I may highlight him, and as to why he wasn`t a prominent figure at the Paris Café scene in the C19.

We have a long way to go and I thank you for your input, it will enable me to include more players, insights and game illustrations.

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16England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-20 03:44:49
Interesting you mention Morphy and `dreamed` in the same sentence as a reference to attacking play and sacrifices to force home a winning attack.
If it`s one player we would all like to emulate for just one game it would have to be Tal, just for the thrill of it.
I`m looking forward to a `Tal` chapter later on.
You must have wondered what planet you were on when you played him.

I`m also fond, in a sense, of Alapin. The `Alapin` defense is one that I have flirted with. The bishop pair set up gives a sense of security and power. Sigh....perhaps we should all go deeper into variations.
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17Canada  HenriDeToi2014-07-20 13:59:00
- This chess discussion is way over my head - Should I become insane; it will certainly not be because of chess. -

18Canada  dsuttlesChessHere Moderator2014-07-21 22:01:09
It might improve your chess.-

19England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-22 03:13:18
Petrov played only in Russia where he lived.. in Warsaw. 2 games outside of Russia in 1852, and 1863( when he left Warsaw during the Spring uprising ). So pretty insular.

Alexander Petrov vs Dmitri Semenovich Urusov 1-0
Paris 1852
Nice game with a trap at the end.

20England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-22 03:20:58
Petrov at the famous Paris café v the doyen of the scene.

Alexander Petrov vs Paul Journoud 1/2 1/2
Paris 1863

It`s a draw but a kings gambit accepted !
garaunteed fireworks...why dont we all play it ?
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21England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-07-22 03:21:43
Here it is...

22England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-08-20 14:35:44
Capablanca. His book \"Chess Fundamentals\" Free to view and read.
Save it to favourites !

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/33870/33870-h/33870-h.htm
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23England  cc1422628553ChessHere Moderator2014-08-20 14:50:58
ps.
Chess notation of the day give the square in relation to each colours R,Kn,B,Q,K.
eg P-QB4 = c4 (for white)and for black = c5
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